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Every day is an adventure at ECHO! ECHO Encounters, our brand of daily hands-on activities, changes regularly with new exhibit installations, new, dynamic volunteers willing to share their expertise, and outside partners adding their talents and knowledge to program events.

Café Scientifique: Concussions & Brain Trauma

Thursday, September 13, 2012
From 6:30 pm to 8:30 pm

Café Scientifique #25 Concussions and Brain Trauma in Sports

ECHO's Cafe Sci season begins with the first topic Concussions and Brain Trauma in Sports, on Thursday, September 13 from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.

We will have two speakers from UVM College of Medicine that are going to talk about brain trauma, Kalev Freeman, Principal Investigator, Trauma Physiology Laboratory and Director of Emergency Medicine Research UVM College of Medicine & James Slauterbeck, M.D., Associate Professor, College of Medicine, UVM and Orthopedics/Sports Medicine, Fletcher Allen Hospital.

Our speakers will share the latest information about what physicians are seeing and how they are treating these types of sports injuries. Each of our speakers will have 15 minutes to talk about their research on brain trauma followed by a 45 min dual Q&A.

Jimmy Slauterbeck will be talking about mechanisms and management of injuries during sporting events, and how to prevent them. Kalev Freeman will focus on the biology of post-concussive syndrome, neuroimaging and rehabilitation.

Guests are encouraged to bring questions!

Dr. Kalev Freeman is a physician-scientist at the University of Vermont, whose research program is focused on Trauma Physiology. He has been interested in understanding the sympathetic nervous system and stress response for 18 years. He developed a passion for Physiology research as an undergraduate in the Honors College at the University of Michigan (1995) and subsequently completed 8 years of intensive research training in a National Institutes of Health-funded Medical Scientist Training Program at the University of Colorado (2003), intended to develop talented physician-scientists for careers in biomedical research. Dr. Freeman is currently Assistant Professor of Surgery and Pharmacology at the University of Vermont, serving one day per week as an Attending Emergency Physician at Fletcher Allen. He directs both the Trauma Physiology Laboratory and Emergency Medicine Research.

Dr. Freeman is conducting laboratory investigations seeking to elucidate the molecular mechanisms and functional consequences of vascular responses to traumatic brain injury.

Dr. Slauterbeck was the Medical Director of Texas Tech Sports Medicine Outreach Program, Head Team Physician at Wayland Baptist University and the Cotton Kings professional hockey team, and a team physician for the Texas Tech Red Raiders. He also served at Texas Tech University as the Vice-Chairman of the Orthopedic Surgery Department, and Residency Director for the Orthopedic Surgery Educational Program. His current area of interest includes General Sports Medicine, Treatment of Sports Injuries to the Hip, Knee, Ankle, Foot, Shoulder, Elbow, and Hand.

Dr. Slauterbeck's clinical practice is dedicated to injury prevention and management of all aspects of pediatric, adolescent and active adults with sports injuries.

Questions to ponder:
1 Is concussion management the same for the child and the mature professional athlete?

2 If an athlete is concussed and is knocked out on the field will their recovery be prolonged?

3 If an athlete sustained a mild concussion and all symptoms are completely resolved on the playing field 5 minutes after the injury, should the athlete return to play in that game? If so under what conditions? If not why not?

4 Who are at greatest risk for prolonged time to complete resolution of concussion symptoms, males or females, child or adult, first or second concussion?

5 The state concussion law in Vermont was written for which population of athletes...grade school, high school, college, professional or recreational athletes?

6 What are the basic biological mechanisms that explains how an initial head injury can cause concussion and long term, post-concussion symptoms?

7 What is the role of neuroimaging after a concussion?

8 Is there such a thing as post-concussion syndrome (symptoms persisting for greater than 3 weeks)?

More links on the topic:
An overview of select medical issues that are important to team physicians who are responsible for athletes with concussion:
International Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport:
American Journal of Sports: Trends in Concussion Incidence in High School Sports: A prospective 11-year Study:

FREE Event. Cash bar with themed drinks opens at 6.30 p.m., discussion begins at 7 p.m.; free light hors d’oeuvres sponsored by VT Sigma Xi, Scientific Research Society. Live web cast provided by Vermont Public Television.

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